« Off Gaza We visited the town away from Abraham [Hebron], the brand new mosque where is of elegant, but large, structure, towering and you may attic, and you may oriented out of squared rocks. . . They do say you to Solomon asked the fresh new jinn to build it. « (Gibb, p. 55.)
In it is the sacred cave containing new graves out of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, contrary being three graves, which happen to be those of their wives
Contained in this section, you will minichat see a lot regarding the Islam! Before you can hear about Ibn Battuta’s travels, you will need specific record regarding important prophets which he will inform regarding the. Do you know from the Abraham? Perhaps you have heard of Adam and eve in addition to their sons Cain and Abel? Are you aware about the Prophet Muhammad? This type of while some might possibly be delivered inside chapter.
Ibn Battuta remaining Cairo and you can lead so you can Damascus, Syria over the Regal Path. The brand new Mamluk authorities arranged caravans to create pilgrims and you may merchants with each other this path. The brand new Mamluks checked passports, taxed the fresh new merchants, and you will purely tracked who was moving in and you will out of their area.
So it area of the Mamluk Empire got in brutal fights with Mongol Intruders. Off 1260 towards the very early 1300s, the Mamluk warriors managed to push the Mongol armies aside from Damascus and you may northern Syria, and you will leftover him or her out of providing Egypt and you may Palestine. Brand new Mongols got bought out Baghdad and far of your Abbasid Kingdom by 1258 capturing and you may ruining metropolises while they ran.
The latest Mamluk armies protected this new empire and you can remaining unlock the new change routes as well as the pilgrimage pathways. Collectively one the main channel soldiers into horseback dragged carpeting otherwise mats so you can smooth brand new mud every night. The following morning new troops sought out anybody who had kept songs throughout the mud, pursued them and punished them really.
Damascus try such as the second financing toward Mamluk, good area you to definitely Ibn Battuta merely must pick! Out of Damascus he may affect a Hajj caravan and you may over his visit to Mecca in complete safety. However, there had been other holy websites to see about this area away from his travel: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, plus!
And a blast of pilgrims came to this type of towns and cities underneath the safeguards of your Mamluk Sultan
This is exactly a chart of the Mamluk Kingdom as well as the Mongol Khanates in the year 1294. For individuals who contrast it for the map of Ibn Battuta’s trips, you’ll see you to definitely once Ibn Battuta embarked towards his travels inside 1325, the Mamluks had shed region to the Mongols. Notice the brand new moved on border in the area of progressive-date Iraq.
Hebron is a holy web site getting Muslims, Christians, and Jews because it is the new burial place of « fathers » or « patriarchs » out of monotheism (religion in one Goodness): Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Close Hebron are also holy websites, such as the burial place regarding Lot.
They do say you to definitely Muhammad himself visited it holy website (and additionally Bethlehem) so you can pray towards their Night Journey, deciding to make the web sites a lot more holy and you may value pilgrimage.
« From Gaza I travelled to the metropolis out of Abraham [Hebron], this new mosque where are regarding feminine, however, nice, framework, towering and you can loft, and you may based of squared stones. . . They do say you to definitely Solomon commanded new jinn to build they. » [Gibb, p. 55.]
Then arrived in Jerusalem which had been a really small-town at that time, with a society regarding no more than ten,one hundred thousand. « Its protective wall space have been from inside the ruins, section of the water-supply had to be earned. and it was found on not one of your crucial trading routes. » [Dunn, p. 56.] Yet ,, for the extremely important shrines and you can sanctuaries, it actually was a fundamental piece of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: « Goodness ennoble [Jerusalem] – third in brilliance following a couple of sacred Mosques [regarding Mecca and you can Medina] therefore the host to ascension of your own Apostle off Goodness [Muhammed] – God-bless your and present him tranquility – whence he was swept up towards the eden. »[Gibb, p. 77.] Here the guy visited this new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque together with Dome of your own Rock. The newest silver-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque are made in 691 across regarding the Dome from the brand new Material.